retire

retire
re|tire [ rı`taır ] verb **
▸ 1 stop working
▸ 2 leave for quieter life
▸ 3 leave game/competition
▸ 4 in baseball
▸ 5 get rid of
▸ 6 go to bed
1. ) intransitive to stop working, especially when you reach the age when you are officially too old to work:
retire from: He retired from the army last month.
retire as: Mr. Garroway retired as chairman of the historical society in May.
a ) intransitive to stop playing a sport as a professional player because you are too old
b ) transitive to force someone to leave their job, especially before they reach the age when they are officially too old to work
2. ) intransitive FORMAL to leave a place, position, or way of life in order to go somewhere quieter or live a less active life:
The committee will now retire in order to discuss these issues.
retire from: At the age of 83, she finally retired from public life.
retire to: In the evenings, Lloyd retired to his study to write.
3. ) intransitive or transitive to stop taking part in a game or sports competition because you are injured or sick, or to make someone do this:
He retired hurt with a bloody nose.
4. ) transitive AMERICAN in baseball, to end a BATTER'S or team's turn at BATTING by getting the batter out:
The pitcher retired eight batters before the eighth inning.
5. ) transitive to remove machines or equipment from a place because they are old and no longer useful:
My printer was three years old, so I retired it.
a ) AMERICAN to stop using a particular number on a team's uniforms after the player who used to wear that number stops playing
6. ) intransitive MAINLY LITERARY to go to bed at the end of the day in order to sleep

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

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Synonyms:

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  • retiré — retiré, ée [ r(ə)tire ] adj. • XVIe; de retirer 1 ♦ (Personnes) Qui s est retiré. Retiré dans un lieu, quelque part. RETIRÉ DE. « le désir d être de plus en plus retiré du monde et dans un cloître d études et d oubli » (Sainte Beuve). ♢ Absolt… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • retiré — retiré, ée (re ti ré, rée) part. passé de retirer. 1°   Ramené en tirant. Un homme retiré vivant de dessous les décombres. 2°   Tiré en arrière, contracté. •   Ma peau est toute sèche et toute retirée, SACI Bible, Job, VII, 5. •   Les pattes… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • retire — re·tire vb re·tired, re·tir·ing vi: to withdraw from an action the jury retired for deliberations vt: to withdraw from circulation or from the market retire a loan retire stock Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law …   Law dictionary

  • Retire — Re*tire , v. i. 1. To go back or return; to draw back or away; to keep aloof; to withdraw or retreat, as from observation; to go into privacy; as, to retire to his home; to retire from the world, or from notice. [1913 Webster] To Una back he cast …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Retire — Re*tire , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Retired}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Retiring}.] [F. retirer; pref. re re + tirer to draw. See {Tirade}.] 1. To withdraw; to take away; sometimes used reflexively. [1913 Webster] He . . . retired himself, his wife, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Retire — Re*tire , n. 1. The act of retiring, or the state of being retired; also, a place to which one retires. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] The battle and the retire of the English succors. Bacon. [1913 Webster] [Eve] discover d soon the place of her retire.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • retire — [ri tīr′] vi. retired, retiring [Fr retirer < re , back + tirer, to draw < VL * tirare] 1. to go away, retreat, or withdraw to a private, sheltered, or secluded place 2. to go to bed 3. to give ground, as in battle; retreat; withdraw 4. to… …   English World dictionary

  • retiré — Retiré, [retir]ée. part. passif. Il a les significations de son verbe. Il est aussi adj. & sign. Solitaire. C est un homme fort retiré. il mene une vie retirée. un lieu retiré, esteigné du bruit …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • retire — (v.) 1530s, of armies, to retreat, from M.Fr. retirer to withdraw (something), from re back (see RE (Cf. re )) + O.Fr. tirer to draw (see TIRADE (Cf. tirade)). Meaning to withdraw to some place for the sake of seclusion is recorded from 1530s;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • retire — withdraw, *go, leave, depart, quit Analogous words: *recede, retreat: recoil, *rebound, resile: *relinquish, yield, surrender, abandon …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • retire — [v] leave a place or responsibility absent oneself, decamp, deny oneself, depart, draw back, ebb, exit, fall back, get away, get off, give ground, give up work, give way, go, go away, go to bed, go to one’s room*, go to sleep, hand over, hit the… …   New thesaurus

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